Fact sheet on the Uganda Population HIV Impact Assessment
The Uganda Population-Based HIV Impact Assessment (UPHIA), a household-based national survey, was
conducted from August 2016 to March 2017 to assess the progress of Uganda’s national HIV response.
UPHIA offered household-based HIV counseling and testing, with the return of results and referral to clinics
for those who tested HIV positive, and collected information about the uptake of HIV prevention, care, and
treatment services. The survey estimated HIV incidence, viral load suppression (VLS), and the prevalence of HIV,
syphilis, and active hepatitis B virus infection at a population level. This survey is the first in Uganda to measure
population-level VLS. The results provide information on national and regional progress toward control of the
HIV epidemic. HIV incidence results will be presented in later publications.
UPHIA was led by the government of Uganda and conducted by the Ministry of Health in collaboration
with ICAP at Columbia University. Funding for the survey was provided by the US President’s Emergency
Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) with technical assistance provided by the US Centers for Disease Control
and Prevention (CDC). Other collaborating partners included the Uganda Virus Research Institute, Uganda
Bureau of Statistics, World Health Organization (WHO Uganda), and UNAIDS.